What are Organic Solvents are Used for Extraction?

What are Organic Solvents are Used for Extraction?

What are Organic Solvents?

Before diving into several examples of organic solvents for extraction, we must define what, exactly, organic solvents are. Solvents are substances that dissolve other substances, and organic solvents are simply those that are carbon-based. They are often employed in the production of pharmaceuticals, paints, adhesives, varnishes, plastics, and many other types of products. It is common for organic solvents to be carcinogenic, neurotoxic, or hazardous in some other way, so certain precautions must be taken when working with these solutions.

Types of Organic Solvents for Extraction

In the liquid-liquid extraction process, water or a water-based solvent is used along with an organic solvent to isolate a desired compound or group of compounds from a particular substance. Following are some examples of commonly used organic solvents for extraction.

  • Hexane

Hexane is a popular solvent for extraction due to several reasons. Ideally, organic solvents for extraction should have a low boiling point and high evaporation rate, and hexane fits these criteria. Hexane also does not emit hazardous fumes, which is a great feature for those looking to prioritize safety.

  • Toluene

Another one of the most common organic solvents for extraction is toluene. Toluene is organic but has a low polarity, which is ideal for liquid-liquid extractions because its low polarity makes it insoluble in water. It is often used as a solvent for paints, paint thinners, lacquers, and other chemicals.

  • Diethyl ether

Diethyl ether is a great solvent because, like toluene and numerous other organic solvents for extraction, it does not dissolve in water. It also has high volatility, which is another beneficial feature for organic solvents for extraction to possess, because this allows them to be readily removed at the end of the extraction process.

  • Acetone

Finally, acetone is another excellent organic solvent option. Unlike some organic solvents for extraction, acetone can dissolve polar and nonpolar substances, making it quite versatile and capable of being used in the extraction of a wide variety of substances. Acetone is also inexpensive, which is a valuable trait for any solvent to have.

Looking for Organic Solvents for Extraction?

Then you’ve come to the right place! Extraction Grade Solvents offer a number of organic solvents, such as acetone, that are perfect for extraction procedures. Additionally, our team is available to answer any inquiries and help you find the best product for your needs. Please contact us here to learn more. We look forward to hearing from you!