Extraction refers to the process of a specific compound being removed from a larger, solid compound, like how vanilla extract flavoring is created by removing specific compounds from vanilla beans. While there are various compounds that undergo extraction processes, there are also various types of extraction processes that extractors can choose from; maceration extraction being one of the most popular.
How Does Maceration Extraction Work?
In terms of extraction, maceration simply means that the original compound starts by being coarsely ground up and then undergoes an extraction process. This additional step makes things much easier for isolating the desired compounds.
Think about the process of making ground coffee: you wouldn’t pour hot water on top of whole beans and expect a fragrant, dark cup of Joe. Instead, by grinding the beans, the hot water has access to a larger surface area of the beans. Additionally, by breaking down the rigid structure of the beans, the water can flow through the grounds, easily removing the important oils that contain the rich color and flavors we associate with coffee.
For an example of a more detailed outline of this procedure, consider the following 4 steps:
- The material containing the target compound is macerated (chopped into little pieces).
- The macerated material is placed in a container and covered with an appropriate solvent.
- The closed container is left to soak for at least three days and is stirred periodically.
- Finally, the extracted material is separated from the remaining solvent.
The final separation can happen through filtration or decantation, which involves using suction to remove a layer of liquid that has separated at the top of a container (like the oil on the top of your salad dressing).
Why Choose Maceration Extraction?
There are several types of extraction, and choosing the process depends on the material you’re trying to extract and the solvents you have at your disposal. If you’re working with the right solvents and equipment, then here are some reasons you should choose the maceration technique:
- Efficient = By chopping up the material with the target compound, the solvent can work much more quickly and remove more from a smaller portion of the whole compound.
- Cost-Effective = Only a few simple materials are needed for this process, and it can be completed on a large or small scale.
- Heatless = Certain extraction methods (such as decoction) require heat, which may damage the target compound. However, this process does not, and it takes away the added risk.
Solvents for Maceration Extraction
It is important to consider how your target compound will interact with solvents, as certain ones will be more efficient. Several solvents that could be used during this extraction process include:
- Ethyl Acetate
Looking to Purchase Solvents?
For help finding the best solvent for your extraction process, or to learn about other chemical solutions for isolating a target ingredient, contact us at Extraction Grade Solvents today!